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The Fence Post

What Is The Difference Between Welded Wire Fencing and Woven Wire Fencing?

February 20, 2017 | by Debbie Page

It's More About COMPARING Welded Wire To Woven Wire Than Identifying The Differences

When it comes to the subject of “welded versus woven wire” fences, it may be more helpful to consider it more of a comparison, as both certainly have various merits in their favor. The first aspect to consider is the structure of each. Welded mesh fencing is created by laying wires in a simple horizontal and vertical latticework, with either square or rectangular spaces. The intersections of these wires are spot-welded to create a sheet. However, woven fences are created through a process that is quite different and much more complicated. Using machinery, wire is loosely twisted into a gentle spiral, with each overlapping at the ends. With a quick twist, the link is made permanent and the distinctive “zig-zag” diamond shape is formed.

Welded Wire Fences Look Like This

Welded Wire Fence (Attached to Wooden Fence) Example #1 - Straight lines are strong and sturdy

Louis Page Welded Wire Fence Materials

Welded Wire Fence (Attached to Wooden Posts) Example #2 - Straight lines are strong and sturdy

Louis Page Welded Wire Fence Materials

Vinyl Coated Welded Wire Fence Example #3 - Distinctive “zig-zag” diamond shape

See how example #3 is woven? The fence "lines" are straight in examples #1 and #2 and there is a little "zig-zag" in example #3.

The Structure

       By understanding their basic structures, it is easy to see their functional merits. A woven wire fence's linked yet loose structure allows for a large amount of bend, twist and pull without breaking -- a perfect design if you have grazing livestock to contain. In some styles of woven agricultural fence, the vertical wires are one continuous strand. This makes a very strong and secure mesh that will hold together well when under pressure. There is an unfortunate disadvantage to “chain-link” fence, another type of woven mesh. This fencing is only fully effective so long as every link remains strong. Once cut, it’s only a matter of time before this form of fence will become untangled and inefficient.

       Welded wire fencing, which has a structure that is solid and inflexible, is ideal for a firm and definite barrier. When cut, the wires will not begin to unravel from one another. The disadvantages of this fencing type can be seen in situations when pressure is introduced, such as livestock in need of a leaning post or any sort of vehicular crash. If weight is applied, it’s difficult for a welded wire fence to spring back to shape. It will likely deform permanently and need replacing.

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Topics: fence, GAW

A Reference for Calculating the Materials Needed for a Welded Wire Fence Project

February 13, 2017 | by Debbie Page

This article is best described with a drawing as an introduction to calculating the needed materials for a fence project:


The following guidelines can help you install your wire fence.

If you find yourself asking, how many feet of welded wire or mesh do I need, this article can help you. Don't forget about figuring out how many posts you need in advance - a fence without posts isn't a fence!


1. Determine the kind of fence you will need, based on the requirements of the application - the purposes and needs of your particular situation.

  • TYPE: You can choose from a wide variety of fences and meshes.

  • SIZE: Different heights, size and spacing of mesh openings, finishes and gauges of wire fence are available to fit every use.

2. Create a plan for the fence project design. Establish where the corners and ends of the fence are to be located.

3. Calculate the amount of fence and posts (end, corner and line posts) needed for the job. Don't forget to add any gates that are required to complete the project.

  • TYPE: Wood or studded T posts can be used to hang the fence.

  • SPACING: Figure line post spacing at 8 to 10 feet apart


1. Fence posts

  • Make sure end, corner and gate posts are placed deeper in the ground than line posts for more holding power. Corners and ends may need bracing, depending on the type of fence used.

  • Be sure to tamp and level wood posts before moving on to the next step.

  • T posts can be driven into the ground using a manual post driver with handles. The driver eliminates the potentially dangerous use of an unwieldy sledge hammer.

2. Attaching fence posts.

  • Wood posts - galvanized slice-cut staples can be used. These are available in 3/4", 1", 1-1/4", 1-1/2", 1-3/4" and 2" sizes.

  • Studded T posts - metal clips are provided with each post to securely hold the fence.

3. Stretching the fence - the appropriate amount of tension depends on which mesh is used. Woven wire fencing, especially high-tension field and deer fences, requires a lot more tension than welded wire fences.

Print this handy Louis E. Page Fence Calculation Reference Page to help you with your measurements.



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Topics: welded wire mesh, welded wire fence, Calculating Fence Materials

What Wire Gauges Are Used In Welded & Woven Wire Mesh & Fence?

February 6, 2017 | by Debbie Page


Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary defines wire gauge as any of various systems consisting of a series of standard sizes used in describing the diameter of wire.It all starts with heavy coils of large diameter wire called rod made in a rolling mill. The rod is then shipped to a wire manufacturing mill. To make the wire used in wire fence and mesh, single strands are "drawn" through a series of increasingly smaller dies or plates and reduced to a specific gauge/diameter. The gauge is determined by the wire's final use - single strand wire, welded wire mesh or woven wire fence. Heating of the wire is not required in the drawing process.

In this article we will answer the following questions:

  • What is wire gauge?

  • What does it mean?

  • How is it used to describe wire?



There have been several different gauge designations since the process outlined in the introduction was innovated.

Numbers have been used to designate wire diameter since 1735. They originally referred to the number of draws used in the process. The first draw was called 1 gauge, the second 2 gauge, the third 3 gauge, on down to the final draw of the thinnest wire being made.

The amount of "draws" required in the process determines why thick wires have a lower gauge number compared to thin wires. 9 gauge wire is thicker than 14 gauge because it requires fewer "draws" than 14 gauge.

The Birmingham Wire Gauge, also known as the Stubs Iron Wire Gauge, was originally developed in early 19th-century England as a means of standardizing gauge sizes. It has been used in a medical setting (needles) since the early 20th century. In 1855, Brown and Sharpe established a formula-based progression of 39 steps - from 1 gauge through 40 gauge. This is now known as the American Wire Gauge and is used extensively in the United States.

The following values show in inches the most common gauges of wires used in welded and woven wire mesh and fence:

  • 8.5 gauge - 0.155 inch

  • 9 gauge - 0.1483 inch

  • 10.5 gauge - 0.128 inch

  • 11 gauge - 0.1205 inch

  • 12.5 gauge - 0.099 inch

  • 14 gauge - 0.080 inch

  • 16 gauge - 0.0625 inch

  • 18 gauge - 0.0475 inch

  • 20 gauge - 0.0348 inch

  • 21 gauge - 0.0317 inch

  • 23 gauge - 0.0258 inch

  • 27 gauge - 0.0173 inch

There are many different combinations of wire gauge and mesh size manufactured. You can select the right product for the requirements of your project.

We offer expert advice on fencing free of charge for all of your fencing projects. Please call us at 800-225-0508 or you can request a free quote by clicking the button. If you aren't ready to talk fencing quite yet, please download our free catalog.

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Topics: wire fence, welded wire fence, how to, wire gauges

Gabion Baskets: An Earth Friendly Solution to Erosion & A Visually Appealing Landscape Design

September 1, 2016 | by Cheryl Vergilis

Gabion baskets are an earth friendly solution to erosion and a visually appealing landscape design. Many people live in areas where gabion baskets are needed but have never heard of them before. Contemporary gabion baskets are welded wire mesh panels held together with wire spirals or metal fasteners to make a wire mesh basket. The baskets are placed in the desired location and filled with rocks, stones, shells, wood, earth-- just about anything that weighs them down.  The fill anchors the gabions down while allowing rain to seep through. They are completely permeable.

Gabions, originating from the Italian name gabbione, which means “big cage”, were used during the reign of the Egyptian Pharaohs and later in Europe during the Middle Ages. The Egyptians made them out of sedges--think bulrushes like Moses’ basket-- and filled them with sludge to stabilize the banks of the Nile River. The Europeans made gabions out of woven sticks and filled them with stones to fortify castles as well as for erosion control of river banks.

The numerous and varied uses include commercial applications, parks, zoos, residential landscaping:

Commercial use of gabions include:

  • Bridge abutments
  • Retaining walls
  • Land management
  • Seashore protection
  • Gully control
  • Culverts
  • Erosion control

I've seen a restaurant using gabion baskets filled with seashells as a decorative wall.      

Parks and Zoos

  • Benches
  • Pathways definition
  • Climbing structures for children
  • Partition walls
  • Landscaping walls for plantings

Why choose gabions?

  • Durable for many decades
  • Quick and easy installation
  • Strong
  • Environmentally aesthetic
  • Use of on-site materials
  • Varied ways of using gabions

Residential applications include:

  • Retaining walls
  • Benches
  • Erosion control
  • Plantings of shrubs, vines, etc.
  • Walls or benches around trees
  • Firepits
  • Partition walls

Since residential properties are usually on smaller scales, you can choose different mesh openings and sizes. Many landscape designers plant greenery inside the baskets for a more earthly appeal. You can use baskets of many different sizes, thus creating interesting serpentines or angular pathways.

Gabion_Angular.jpgphoto credit

The wire used for gabions is a zinc-coated welded wire. It is hot-dipped galvanized after the welding process which seals and protects the welds against corrosion. They also come in a black vinyl coated finish. These are ideal for erosion control or to enhance the beauty of your property.

The standard size mesh for commercial use is 11 gauge, 3” x 3” opening size, 36” wide in galvanized or black vinyl coated finish. The baskets are shipped flat but partially assembled for easy installation. They are available in 3’ wide x 3’ high. They come in 3’, 6’, and 12’ lengths.  For residential use, you can use a 12.5 gauge wire with a smaller mesh opening size of 1.5” x 1.5” in either finish. They are also offered in varied heights, depending on your specifications.  

As you are considering your next outdoor project, whether for a commercial establishment or a residence, gabion baskets are a great solution for stabilizing vast areas of possible erosion due to potential flooding conditions, providing definition to the landscape or just to have a sleek look on residential property.  

Photo credits:

Angled project:

Serpentine project:

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Everything You Need to Know About Welded Wire Mesh Fence Panels

July 28, 2016 | by Cheryl Vergilis

Need to build a deck on your home, an animal enclosure, a boardwalk, or aquaculture related traps? Please consider welded wire mesh panels. Welded wire mesh panels come in a variety of mesh configurations, gauges, and finishes. Many zoos use welded wire fence panels for their animal enclosures. Depending on the animal, a lighter or heavier gauge wire may be utilized. For decking purposes, you may choose a vinyl coated welded wire panel, or stainless steel may be an option. Nurseries use PVC (polyvinyl chloride) coated panels for greenhouse benches as well as aquaculture for the marine industry. There are many applications for welded wire mesh panels which may be suitable to your needs.
Louis Page Fence Panel
Panels fabricated from previously manufactured rolls of wire are flattened and cut or sheared to size. As mentioned, welded wire mesh panels are offered in a variety of gauges (usually from 8g to 16g) depending on how strong the requirement or specification. Unlike a chain link fence, welded wire mesh panels can be offered to the measurements needed. Some wire mesh panels offered through Louis E. Page are custom fabricated and made-to-order, depending on the configuration and specifications. The vinyl coated welded wire mesh panels are coated with, as are the rolls of wire, weather resistant material, including UV.

Panels versus Roles

A quick note about the difference between panels and rolls. Panels are easy to install, especially when remodeling a deck on your home. They are custom made to your specifications, need minimal to no cutting and can typically be installed by one to two people. All these attributes make panels ideal for quick installs with minimal work crews.

Wire fence rolls are perfect for jobs that have larger linear footage to cover which may require work crews and professional installers. There are also additional materials like posts, rings, pliers and everything else you need to install a fence. We have many different customers who use the wire mesh rolls for multi purposes like farming/agriculture, fencing, nurseries, and the likes.

We offer many different varieties of wire rolls and panels, and we recommend discussing your projects with us. We have the knowledge to provide the perfect solution!!

Welded Wire Mesh Panel Install Tips

If the panels are going to be installed onto a wooden frame, stapling the mesh to one side of the wood helps keep it in place. It is recommended to staple it every few inches to keep it secure. The welded wire does not stretch like woven chain link fencing. Therefore, the panel size needs to be accurate when ordering. It is best to use galvanized staples for weather resistance.


Depending on the wire gauge and the mesh opening of a panel, there may be a bow which may cause sagging. If this occurs and stapling isn't an option, a strand wire can be woven through the meshes to keep it upright and straight. The strand wire can be secured to a post and twisted as needed. Wire gauges and mesh openings play a significant role when determining what is best for an application.


It is important to understand that not all posts are the same. Steel t-posts and u-posts are offered as a solution when installing panels, as well as rolls of wire fencing. It is recommended using a post that is 2' (feet) longer or taller than the height of the finished fence height. For instance, if the height is going to be 5' tall, then 7' posts would be quite sufficient. You can use 6' posts, but over time may become loose or unstable in the ground.


If you plan to enclose animals, please keep in mind that animals do grow and can outgrow their environment. Make sure the height of the panels or fence are large enough to keep them safe and to keep wild animals out. Also, consider the overall size of the enclosure carefully. The mesh openings and gauges play a significant role when making these decisions. Animals may have to walk on the wire so a smaller mesh opening would be more comfortable on their feet, but the sides of the cage/enclosure could have larger mesh openings to see in/out. 

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