What's a Cross Fence?
Cross fences are built inside a large fenced-in area dedicated to either grazing livestock or growing forage. These fence lines divide the large area, already enclosed with a perimeter fence, into smaller pastures. A cross fence can be electric, permanent, or a combination of the two. The electric fence, using either one or two strands of wire, is easier and less expensive to build. Less bracing is required.
The Separation of Cattle
A permanent fence, which is usually made with three or four strands of barbed wire, requires bracing to maintain proper tension. The type of fence chosen depends on the livestock it will contain. If the fence needs to separate cattle, a permanent fence is recommended. An electric fence is appropriate for sheep, calves or yearlings.
Q: What is the purpose of a cross fence?
A: To separate areas contained within a perimeter fence.
Q: When is a cross fence used?
A: Most often in grazing areas for rotating livestock to prevent over-grazing or uneven grazing.
Q: What are the benefits and advantages of using a cross fence?
A: Protecting paddocks: bald or over-grazed areas can become subject to weeds and noxious plants, while excessive growth in under-grazed areas become less palatable and less nutritious.
Q: What are some other uses?
A: Separating livestock by sex, age, and breeding status or for other reasons. Keeping livestock away from crops or treatment of areas, such as the application of fertilizers.
Here's an excellent demonstration by a very knowledgeable rancher: